Inventory, outlook and assessment of emerging environmental crimes against water in Europe
Compiling an inventory of crimes that threaten water management and infrastructure
The goal of the WATER CRIMES research project is to provide the first strategic analysis of crimes against water resources in Europe. While awareness of environmental crimes is gaining momentum at international level, crimes against water are an emerging issue. Such crimes have significant impacts, although intelligence is scarce and information fragmented. The WATER CRIMES project aims to advance knowledge in this field through four main activities:
Compiling an inventory of the various forms of crime that threaten water resources, water management, and the related supply chains and infrastructure
Developing a mid-term outlook of crime trends
Analysing the potential impacts of water crimes in Europe
Developing policy recommendations and mitigation strategies
There is currently no clear, commonly accepted definition of water-related crimes. Water may be the environmental resource damaged by a crime (e.g. surface water pollution, or fraudulent water quality reporting); the object of a crime (e.g. drinking water theft or corruption on the part of private companies related to the economic control/exploitation of water); or the means of the crime (e.g. intentional flooding or the deliberate poisoning of a water supply). There may also be criminal threats to water management infrastructure (e.g. terrorism or cyber threats).
River and marine pollution following oil spills
Manipulation of sampling methods to avoid treatment costs
Fraud, corruption, trafficking, falsification of documents
Terrorism and cyber threats to water management operations
Illegal waste discharges from factories
Unauthorised consumption from the water network
Collecting water crime cases; gathering existing good practices in the investigation and prosecution of environmental crimes in EU and non-EU countries; producing an inventory of water-related crimes; and preparing analyses for pilot countries (Hungary, Italy, Slovenia and Spain).
WORK PACKAGE 1
Compiling mid-term scenarios (three to five years); developing targeted and innovative recommendations for leaders and policy makers on the adoption of countermeasures and mitigation strategies; and promoting the sustainable use of water.
WORK PACKAGE 3
Developing an assessment based on threat sources, threats, risk likelihood, risk impacts, risk rating and risk management measures; and increasing systematic knowledge of crimes, risks and threats related to water resources in Europe.
WORK PACKAGE 2
Communicating project results; publishing the first European report on water security (expected in 2017); and raising awareness of this emerging threat.
WORK PACKAGE 4
For more information, please contact the WATER CRIMES project coordinator:
SiTI Security and Safety Department
Via Pier Carlo Boggio 61, 10138 Turin, Italy
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